The Immense Influence of the 'Louisiana Hayride'

A new exhibit is going up at Masur Museum in Monroe, La., features photographs of a young Elvis Presley on the stage of the Louisiana Hayride in Shreveport, La. The show focuses on 40 black and white photographs taken by Shreveport photojournalists Jack Barham and Langston McEachern, most depicting Elvis in his final performance in Shreveport on Dec. 15, 1956. (AP Photo,file)

In the late 1940s, live radio performances served as a primary means for country singers and bands to build a regional fan base. Success in a radio market allowed these artists to draw crowds for public appearances, where fans could purchase sheet music and records to further support their local heroes' livelihoods.

The famed Grand Ole Opry in Nashville wasn't the only program to expand the typical 15-minute radio show focusing on one singer or family to an evening's worth of entertainment. Starting with its April 3, 1948 debut broadcast on Shreveport's  50,000-watt KWKH radio station, the Louisiana Hayride helped launch the careers of numerous stars, including Hank Williams himself. Once television and teenage culture nearly killed off live country radio altogether, the Hayride transitioned to the small screen and helped crown the king of rock 'n' roll.

Cradle of the Stars

Program director and show emcee Horace Logan wisely avoided copying the Opry format too much. Instead of positioning itself as a direct rival, the Shreveport program became an unofficial feeder system for Nashville's biggest stage.

One major difference was the pacing of both shows. While Opry members and guests played full sets, Hayride regulars and visitors would perform just a few songs before the crowd got treated to a different act. On a given Saturday at the Shreveport Municipal Auditorium, someone like Kitty Wells might sing her new A and B-side before giving way to husband Johnnie Wright's group Johnnie & Jack.

To fill three hours worth of short sets, the show welcomed lesser-known acts who might've been turned away by the Opry. It also allowed electric guitars before a lot of other radio stations embraced change. This decision helped create a different-sounding program that stood out on the dial. Such alternative approaches impressed listeners with short attention spans and current tastes once the CBS Radio Network started airing a 30-minute version of the show on as many as 200 different stations.

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Due to its consistent need for performers, the program continually introduced its listeners to future stars. For example, Williams appeared on the show in 1948 until "Lovesick Blues" caught the Grand Ole Opry's attention. When the Opry fired Williams on Aug. 11, 1953, the Hayride offered him a radio home for the final months of his life.

An absolute who's-who from the era also shared the Hayride stage, including Johnny Cash, George Jones, Slim Whitman, Webb Pierce, Faron Young, Jim Reeves, Johnny Horton and home state duo Doug and Rusty Kershaw. The program's impeccable ability to spot talent earned it the nickname "cradle of the stars."

Crowning a King in the Age of TV

In 1954, the Hayride offered a valuable opportunity to a young singer shunned by the Opry. This gamble led to weeks of memorable live broadcasts and eventually an early television appearance by the performer in question, Elvis Presley.

Presley's then-undefinable mix of R&B, country and gospel influences got a big boost by this partnership, introducing his music to both older country music fans and their impressionable children. The Elvis experiment went so well that Logan accidentally coined a familiar phrase while disarming a potential riot. As the Municipal Auditorium's newfound young audience got restless  for an encore after a 1956 set by Presley, Logan had no choice but to declare that Elvis had left the building. In the years to come, Logan's plea became more of a celebratory closing statement associated with Presley's live show.

Despite the name being used at times for regional package tours and programming, the historic Louisiana Hayride's barn doors officially shuttered on August 27, 1960. Today, it represents the role radio played in post-war country music. Future stars got exposure beyond regional touring and record sales, paving a smooth road from Shreveport to Nashville.

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The Immense Influence of the 'Louisiana Hayride'